0 to 3 year old baby’s physical and mental growth “foundation” period
The psychological and physiological development of children aged 0 to 3 is very important for a person’s future growth.
The upbringing process of life requires mind-body synchronization, but the latter is sometimes ignored by parents.
In the first year after birth, the feelings for loved ones are the basis for future interactions. If the uterus provides the necessary living conditions for a person’s embryonic physical development, then the embrace of the mother (caregiver) is a hotbed for future mental health development.
In the first year after birth, the baby is absolutely dependent on the mother.
The emotion of attachment is the foundation of his future communication and emotional development.
If you pay attention to the baby over 4 months old, you will find that the little guy’s gaze can follow the mother, and when she sees the mother, she will look happy and exuberant, increase her body movements, and smile on the face.
The babies at 6 or 7 months long for the embrace of their mothers, making them appear comfortable and quiet when in contact.
Babies around 10 months have been able to distinguish who is close, especially attached to the mother (or caregiver).
The formation of baby attachment emotions depends on the nature and solidity of the relationship with the caregiver. This is the baby’s initial social relationship.
The satisfaction of attachment emotions makes babies experience safety. They will appear quiet, cheerful, interested in the outside world, and eager to try. Otherwise, they will be restless, lonely, and intermittently crying.
Another aspect related to attachment is separation. Even a brief separation experience can make your baby feel emotionally strong.
In the future life process, positive emotions such as safety, stability, trust, respect, and friendship are the basic guarantees for children to maintain their mental and physical health.
Active children have more imagination and creativity in the future. Children’s early psychological development mainly relies on the development of perception.
Usually, parents will arrange the small space of baby’s life into colorful, hanging toys that are within reach, and feel the existence of various stimuli.
For more than 6 months, the baby can sit firmly on the back of the object, and two little hands that have been “liberated” can freely pick up the objects around them and play.
After 8 months, the infant started to learn to crawl, and was able to move the body by itself to have more space for movement and freedom of movement.
The development of human actions is rule-based and follows the law of whole to differentiation: on the one hand, it gradually changes from systemic, general, and loose to local, accurate, and specialized actions;It is from top to bottom, from head-up, sitting, standing and walking.
Children’s limb movements begin with the movement of the body muscles and limbs, and then the development of fine movements of the hands, which are increasingly flexible and accurate.
Active children can try more exploration and experience, and have more imagination and creativity in the future.
Self-awareness is a manifestation of resistance and human beings. Standing and walking do not need to be taught, and they can be done at the appropriate age.
But standing on a spiritual level is different and requires parental help, that is, giving the child appropriate space and freedom.
During the development of independent consciousness, it is common for children to show resistance.
There are many internal conflicts in a person’s growth, but the “breakthrough” for resolution often chooses to resist.
We might as well watch the scene of children over 1 year old playing. When they are playing with toys, they often hesitate, pause, remove the repeated actions, and sometimes even show an impatient appearance.The anger vented on the toy.
Another embodiment of self-awareness is that children have their own opinions.
Young parents feel that their baby is arguing “come by themselves” in everything, whether it works or not.
This is often referred to as the “first resistance period.”
Of course, the baby is still young, and it means willpower to reflect independence. If it is not easy to grasp, willpower is determined to insist on unreasonable requirements, and it is a deformed manifestation of independence.
Before the age of 3, the independence and willfulness of the child “coexisted”.
Parents should teach their babies to establish a code of conduct, which includes: developing good habits of eating regularly and regular defecation, imitating an adult learning politeness, and feeling, experiencing, and controlling various emotions.
In short, the baby begins to walk between natural instincts and rules and constraints-freedom and restraint, freedom and compliance, enforcement and obedience, control and control, and all education related to growth opens the curtain.
Group play Little “activists” form the embryonic form of social interaction. The 3-year-old is the age when children start group play, and they start to move from social activities to social activities—from playing alone to finding partners, forming the rudiment of baby social interaction.
Some babies can easily enter the group, take the initiative to approach their friends, and have fun.
And some babies will show shyness or avoidance, always stand on the sidelines, or ask parents to participate with them.
Play is a learning process. In this process, children gradually understand various communication skills such as domination, cooperation, pleasing, accommodation, compromise, compromise, exchange, etc., maintaining their relationship with their surrounding friends, and being isolated.The experience of social frustrations such as being bullied and being bullied will make children very sad.
Parents need to be keenly aware of whether their children have such emotional states and just provide opportunities for children to interact.
The feeling that people get when they first interact with the outside world may be hidden or present throughout their lives.
The important feelings in life that affect health are the sense of intimacy (loved by others), the sense of security (a stable relationship with the outside), the sense of value (meaningful, needed), and the sense of self-affirmation (good, I can do it).On the road of children’s growth, parents need to learn to play their own roles, and to lay a solid foundation for their children.